K.5 Reading/Vocabulary Development. Students understand new vocabulary and use it correctly when reading and writing. Students are expected to:
(A) identify and use words that name actions, directions, positions, sequences, and locations;
K.6 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about theme and genre in different cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) identify elements of a story including setting, character, and key events;
(D) recognize recurring phrases and characters in traditional fairy tales, lullabies, and folktales from various cultures.
As it applies to K.1, K.2, K.3 and K.5
K.7 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of poetry and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) respond to rhythm and rhyme in poetry through identifying a regular beat and similarities in word sounds.
K.8 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of fiction and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) retell a main event from a story read aloud;
K.12 Reading/Media Literacy. Students use comprehension skills to analyze how words, images, graphics, and sounds work together in various forms to impact meaning. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts. Students (with adult assistance) are expected to:
(B) identify techniques used in media (e.g., sound, movement).
Figure 19 Reading/Comprehension Skills. Students use a flexible range of metacognitive reading skills in both assigned and independent reading to understand an author’s message. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts as they become self-directed, critical readers. The student is expected to:
(A) discuss the purposes for reading and listening to various texts (e.g., to become involved in real and imagined events, settings, actions, and to enjoy language);
(D) make inferences based on the cover, title, illustrations, and plot;
(E) retell or act out important events in stories; and
K.14 Writing/Literary Texts. Students write literary texts to express their ideas and feelings about real or imagined people, events, and ideas. Students are expected to:
(A) dictate or write sentences to tell a story;
Beginning Reading Skills
K.1 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Print Awareness. Students understand how English is written and printed. Students are expected to:
(A) recognize that spoken words can be represented by print for communication;
(B) identify upper- and lower-case letters;
(C) demonstrate the one-to-one correspondence between a spoken word and a printed word in text;
(D) recognize the difference between a letter and a printed word;
(E) recognize that sentences are comprised of words separated by spaces and demonstrate the awareness of word boundaries (e.g., through kinesthetic or tactile actions such as clapping and jumping);
(F) hold a book right side up, turn its pages correctly, and know that reading moves from top to bottom and left to right;
(G) identify different parts of a book (e.g., front and back covers, title page).
K.2 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonological Awareness. Students display phonological awareness. Students are expected to:
(A) identify a sentence made up of a group of words;
(C) orally generate rhymes in response to spoken words (e.g., “What rhymes with hat?”)
(D) distinguish orally presented rhyming pairs of words from non-rhyming pairs;
Oral & Written Conventions
K.16 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) understand and use the following parts of speech in the context of reading, writing, and speaking (with adult assistance):
(v) pronouns (e.g., I, me);
K.17 Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting, Capitalization, and Punctuation. Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students are expected to:
(A) form upper- and lower-case letters legibly using the basic conventions of print (left-to-right and top-to-bottom progression);
K.18 Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling. Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
(A) use phonological knowledge to match sounds to letters;
(C) write one’s own name.
Social Studies Focus
K.9 The student understands the role of authority figures.
K.9A identify authority figures in the home, school, and community
K.9B explain how authority figures make and enforce rules
K.10 The student understands important symbols, customs, and responsibilities that represent American beliefs and principles and contribute to our national identity.
K.10A identify the flags of the United States and Texa
K.10B recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the United States Flag and the Pledge to the Texas Flag
K.10C identify Constitution Day as a celebration of American freedom
K.10D use voting as a method for group decision making