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  • ELAR/SS: The World Around Us: Basic Needs and Wants/ Asking Questions, Finding Answers

ELAR/SS: The World Around Us: Basic Needs and Wants/ Asking Questions, Finding Answers

Suggested Time Frame: 13 Instructional Days

Genre Focus

K.5 Reading/Vocabulary Development. Students understand new vocabulary and use it correctly when reading and writing. Students are expected to:
(C) identify and sort pictures of objects into conceptual categories (e.g., colors, shapes, textures)
(D) use a picture dictionary to find words.

K.9 Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about the author’s purpose in cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) identify the topic of an informational text heard.

K.10 Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about expository text, and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) identify the topic and details in expository text heard or read, referring to the words and/or illustrations;
(B) retell important facts in a text, heard or read;
(C) discuss the ways authors group information in text; and
(D) use titles and illustrations to make predictions about text.

K.11 Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Procedural Texts. Students understand how to glean and use information in procedural texts and documents. Students are expected to:
(A) follow pictorial directions (e.g., recipes, science experiments); and
(B) identify the meaning of specific signs (e.g., traffic signs, warning signs).

K.15 Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts. Students write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes. Students are expected to:
(A) dictate or write information for lists, captions, or invitations.

K.19 Research/Research Plan. Students ask open-ended research questions and develop a plan for answering them. Students (with adult assistance) are expected to:
(A) ask questions about topics of class-wide interest; and
(B) decide what sources or people in the classroom, school, library, or home can answer these questions.


K.20 Research/Gathering Sources. Students determine, locate, and explore the full range of relevant sources addressing a research question and systematically record the information they gather. Students (with adult assistance) are expected to:

(A) gather evidence from provided text sources; and

(B) use pictures in conjunction with writing when documenting research.

Beginning Reading Skills

K.2 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonological Awareness. Students display phonological awareness. Students are expected to:
(F) blend spoken onsets and rimes to form simple words (e.g., onset/c/ and rime/at/ make cat);
(G) blend spoken phonemes to form one-syllable words (e.g.,/m/ …/a/ …/n/ says man)

K.3 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonics. Students use the relationships between letters and sounds, spelling patterns, and morphological analysis to decode written. Students are expected to:
(B) use knowledge of letter-sound relationships to decode regular words in text and independent of content (e.g., VC, CVC, CCVC, and CVCC words);
(C) recognize that new words are created when letters are changed, added, or deleted


Social Studies Focus
The student understands that basic human needs and wants are met in many ways.
identify basic human needs of food, clothing, and shelter
explain the difference between needs and wants
explain how basic human needs can be met such as through self-producing, purchasing, and trading
Oral & Written Conventions

K.16 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) understand and use the following parts of speech in the context of reading, writing, and speaking (with adult assistance):
(iii) descriptive words;
(C) use complete simple sentences.

K.18 Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling. Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
(B) use letter-sound correspondences to spell consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words (e.g., “cut”)