K.5 Reading/Vocabulary Development. Students understand new vocabulary and use it correctly when reading and writing. Students are expected to:
(A) identify and use words that name actions, directions, positions, sequences, and locations;
(D) use a picture dictionary to find words.
K.6 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about theme and genre in different cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(B) discuss the big idea (theme) of a well-known folktale or fable and connect it to personal experience;
(C) recognize sensory details;
As it applies to K.1, K.2, K.3 and K.5
K.7 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Poetry. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of poetry and provide evidence from text to support their understanding.
K.8 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of fiction and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) retell a main event from a story read aloud;
(B) describe characters in a story and the reasons for their actions.
Figure 19 Reading/Comprehension Skills. Students use a flexible range of metacognitive reading skills in both assigned and independent reading to understand an author’s message. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts as they become self-directed, critical readers. The student is expected to:
(A) discuss the purposes for reading and listening to various texts (e.g., to become involved in real and imagined events, settings, actions, and to enjoy language);
(D) make inferences based on the cover, title, illustrations, and plot;
(E) retell or act out important events in stories; and
(F) make connections to own experiences, to ideas in other texts, and to the larger community and discuss textual evidence.
K.14 Writing/Literary Texts. Students write literary texts to express their ideas and feelings about real or imagined people, events, and ideas. Students are expected to:
(A) dictate or write sentences to tell a story and put the sentences in chronological sequence;
Beginning Reading Skills
K.1 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Print Awareness. Students understand how English is written and printed. Students are expected to:
(C) demonstrate the one-to-one correspondence between a spoken word and a printed word in text;
(E) recognize that sentences are comprised of words separated by spaces and demonstrate the awareness of word boundaries (e.g., through kinesthetic or tactile actions such as clapping and jumping);
(F) hold a book right side up, turn its pages correctly, and know that reading moves from top to bottom and left to right;
K.2 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonological Awareness. Students display phonological awareness. Students are expected to:
(F) blend spoken onsets and rimes to form simple words (e.g., onset/c/ and rime/at/ make cat);
(G) blend spoken phonemes to form one-syllable words (e.g.,/m/ …/a/ …/n/ says man);
(I) segment spoken one-syllable words into two to three phonemes (e.g., dog:/d/ …/o/ …/g/).
K.3 Reading/Beginning Reading Skills/Phonics. Students use the relationships between letters and sounds, spelling patterns, and morphological analysis to decode written English. Students are expected to:
(B) use knowledge of letter-sound relationships to decode regular words in text and independent of content (e.g., VC, CVC, CCVC, and CVCC words);
(C) recognize that new words are created when letters are changed, added, or deleted;
Social Studies Focus
Identify similarities and differences among people such as kinship, laws, and religion
Identify similarities and differences among people such as music, clothing, and food
The student understands the importance of family customs and traditions.
describe and explain the importance of family customs and traditions
compare family customs and traditions
Oral & Written Conventions
K.16 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(i) past and future tenses when speaking;
(iv) prepositions and simple prepositional phrases appropriately when speaking or writing (e.g., in, on, under, over); and
(C) use complete simple sentences.
K.17 Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting, Capitalization, and Punctuation. Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students are expected to:
(B) capitalize the first letter in a sentence;
(C) use punctuation at the end of a sentence.
K.18 Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling. Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
(B) use letter-sound correspondences to spell consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words (e.g., “cut”);