ELAR: Getting Started

Suggested Time Frame: 7 Instructional Days


Genre Focus

5.1 Reading/Fluency. Students read grade-level text with fluency and comprehension. Students are expected to
(A)  read aloud grade-level stories with fluency (rate, accuracy, expression, appropriate phrasing) and comprehension.

5.2 Reading/Vocabulary Development. Students understand new vocabulary and use it when reading and writing. Students are expected to:
(B) use context (e.g., in-sentence restatement) to determine or clarify the meaning of unfamiliar or multiple meaning words; -R

5.3 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Theme and Genre. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about theme and genre in different cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding.

5.6 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Fiction. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about the structure and elements of fiction and provide evidence from text to support their understanding.

5.8 Reading/Comprehension of Literary Text/Sensory Language. Students understand, make inferences and draw conclusions about how an author’s sensory language creates imagery in literary text and provide evidence from text to support their understanding.

5.9 Reading/Comprehension of Text/Independent Reading. Students read independently for sustained periods of time and produce evidence of their reading. Students are expected to:
(A)  read independently for a sustained period of time and summarize or paraphrase what the reading was about, maintaining meaning and logical order (e.g., generate a reading log or journal; participate in book talks).

Figure 19 Reading/Comprehension Skills. Students use a flexible range of metacognitive reading skills in both assigned and independent reading to understand an author’s message. Students will continue to apply earlier standards with greater depth in increasingly more complex texts as they become self-directed, critical readers. The student is expected to:
(A) establish purposes for reading selected texts based upon own or others’ desired outcome to enhance comprehension;
(B) ask literal, interpretive, evaluative, and universal questions of text;
(C) monitor and adjust comprehension (e.g., using background knowledge, creating sensory images, re­reading a portion aloud, generating questions);
(D) make inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding;
(E) summarize and paraphrase texts in ways that maintain meaning and logical order within a text and across texts; and
(F) make connections (e.g., thematic links, author analysis) between and across multiple texts of various genres and provide textual evidence.

Writing –
5.15 Writing/Writing Process. Students use elements of the writing process (planning, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing) to compose text. Students are expected to:
(A) plan a first draft by selecting a genre appropriate for conveying the intended meaning to an audience, determining appropriate topics through a range of strategies (e.g., discussion, background reading, personal interests, interviews), and developing a thesis or controlling idea;
(B) develop drafts by choosing an appropriate organizational strategy (e.g., sequence of events, cause-effect, compare-contrast) and building on ideas to create a focused, organized, and coherent piece of writing;
(C) revise drafts to clarify meaning, enhance style, include simple and compound sentences, and improve transitions by adding, deleting, combining, and rearranging sentences or larger units of text after rethinking how well questions of purpose, audience, and genre have been addressed;
(D) edit drafts for grammar, mechanics, and spelling; and
(E) revise final draft in response to feedback from peers and teacher and publish written work for appropriate audiences.

5.17 Writing. Students write about their own experiences. Students are expected to:
(A) write a personal narrative that conveys thoughts and feelings about an experience.

5.18 Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts. Students write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes. Students are expected to:
(C) write responses to literary or expository texts and provide evidence from the text to demonstrate understanding.

Oral & Written Conventions

5.20 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(B) use the complete subject and the complete predicate in a sentence; and
(C) use complete simple and compound sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.

5.22 Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling. Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
(D)  use spelling patterns and rules and print and electronic resources to determine and check correct spellings;
(E)  know how to use the spell-check function in word processing while understanding its limitations.

Listening and Speaking –
5.27 Listening and Speaking/Listening. Students use comprehension skills to listen attentively to others in formal and informal settings. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) listen to and interpret a speaker’s messages (both verbal and nonverbal) and ask questions to clarify the speaker’s purpose or perspective;
(B) follow, restate, and give oral instructions that include multiple action steps; and
(C) determine both main and supporting ideas in the speaker’s message.

5.28 Listening and Speaking/Speaking. Students speak clearly and to the point, using the conventions of language. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) give organized presentations employing eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, natural gestures, and conventions of language to communicate ideas effectively.

5.29 Listening and Speaking/Teamwork. Students work productively with others in teams. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) participate in student-led discussions by eliciting and considering suggestions from other group members and by identifying points of agreement and disagreement.