ELAR: Gathering and Presenting Research

Suggested Time Frame: 19 Instructional Days

Genre Focus

5.10 Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Culture and History. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about the author’s purpose in cultural, historical, and contemporary contexts and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) draw conclusions from the information presented by an author and evaluate how well the author’s purpose was achieved. -S

5.11 Reading/Comprehension of Informational Text/Expository Text. Students analyze, make inferences and draw conclusions about expository text and provide evidence from text to support their understanding. Students are expected to:
(A) summarize the main ideas and supporting details in a text in ways that maintain meaning and logical order; -R
(B) determine the facts in text and verify them through established methods; -S
(C) analyze how the organizational pattern of a text (e.g., cause-and-effect, compare-and-contrast, sequential order, logical order, classification schemes) influences the relationships among the ideas; -R
(D) use multiple text features and graphics to gain an overview of the contents of text and to locate information; -R
(E) synthesize and make logical connections between ideas within a text and across two or three texts representing similar or different genres. -R

Writing –
5.18 Writing/Expository and Procedural Texts. Students write expository and procedural or work-related texts to communicate ideas and information to specific audiences for specific purposes. Students are expected to:
(A) create multi-paragraph essays to convey information about the topic that:
(i) present effective introductions and concluding paragraphs;
(ii) guide and inform the reader’s understanding of key ideas and evidence;
(iii) include specific facts, details, and examples in an appropriately organized structure; and
(iv) use a variety of sentence structures and transitions to link paragraphs;

Research –
5.23 Research/Research Plan. Students ask open-ended research questions and develop a plan for answering them. Students are expected to:
(A) brainstorm, consult with others, decide upon a topic, and formulate open-ended questions to address the major research topic; and
(B) generate a research plan for gathering relevant information about the major research question.

5.24 Research/Gathering Sources. Students determine, locate, and explore the full range of relevant sources addressing a research question and systematically record the information they gather. Students are expected to”
(A) follow the research plan to collect data from a range of print and electronic resources (e.g., reference texts, periodicals, web pages, online sources) and data from experts;
(B) differentiate between primary and secondary sources;
(C) record data, utilizing available technology (e.g., word processors) in order to see the relationships between ideas, and convert graphic/visual data (e.g., charts, diagrams, timelines) into written notes;
(D) identify the source of notes (e.g., author, title, page number) and record bibliographic information concerning those sources according to a standard format; and
(E) differentiate between paraphrasing and plagiarism and identify the importance of citing valid and reliable sources.

5.25 Research/Synthesizing Information. Students clarify research questions and evaluate and synthesize collected information. Students are expected to:
(A) refine the major research question, if necessary, guided by the answers to a secondary set of questions; and
(B) evaluate the relevance, validity, and reliability of sources for the research.

5.26 Research/Organizing and Presenting Ideas. Students organize and present their ideas and information according to the purpose of the research and their audience. Students are expected to synthesize the research into a written or an oral presentation that:
(A) compiles important information from multiple sources;
(B) develops a topic sentence, summarizes findings, and uses evidence to support conclusions;
(C) presents the findings in a consistent format; and
(D) uses quotations to support ideas and an appropriate form of documentation to acknowledge sources (e.g., bibliography, works cited).

Oral & Written Conventions

5.20 Oral and Written Conventions/Conventions. Students understand the function of and use the conventions of academic language when speaking and writing. Students continue to apply earlier standards with greater complexity. Students are expected to:
(A) use and understand the function of the following parts of speech in the context of reading, writing and speaking:
(vi) indefinite pronouns (e.g., all, both, nothing, anything) 
(vii) subordinating conjunctions (e.g., while, because, although, if) 
(B) use the complete subject and the complete predicate in a sentence; and
(C) use complete simple and compound sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.

5.21 Oral and Written Conventions/Handwriting, Capitalization, and Punctuation. Students write legibly and use appropriate capitalization and punctuation conventions in their compositions. Students are expected to:
(A) use capitalization for:
(i)  abbreviations
(iii) organizations;
(B) recognize and use punctuation marks including:
(i) commas in compound sentences;
(C) use proper mechanics including italics and underlining for titles and emphasis.

5.22 Oral and Written Conventions/Spelling. Students spell correctly. Students are expected to:
(B) spell words with:
(i) Greek Roots (e.g., tele, photo, graph, meter);
(iii) Greek suffixes (e.g., -ology, -phobia, -ism, -ist);
(C) differentiate between commonly confused terms (e.g., its, it’s; affect, effect);